Systems thinking references

Copyright 2017 Graham Berrisford. One of several hundred papers at http://avancier.website. Last updated 01/10/2018 20:02

Contents

Sources used some way in Avancier’s papers. 1

Systems thinkers discussed in Avancier’s papers. 1

Ten more sources referred to by others. 1

 

Sources used some way in Avancierr’s papers

1906 Space-time continuum (Hermann Minkowski)

1948 Cybernetics or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine” (Norbert Weiner)

1951 “General system theory: a new approach to the unity of science” volume 23 of “Human Biology”, L. Von Bertalanffy

1952 “Design for a Brain” (W Ross Ashby)

1956 “General Systems Theory” (von Bertalanffy)

1956 “Introduction to cybernetics” (W Ross Ashby)

1956 “General System Theory – The Skeleton of Science” volume 2 of “Management Science”, Kenneth Boulding

1971-72 System Dynamics (Forrester; Meadows et al.)

1971 “System of System Concepts” (Russell Ackoff).

1972 Second-order cybernetics (Bateson)

1972 Soft systems methodology (Peter Checkland)

1979 “Ecological System theory” (Bronfenbremner)

1997 “A Realist Theory Of Science” London: Verso. (Bhaskar, R.)

2001 “Luhman’s autopoietic social system” David Seidl

2001 The Emerging Consensus in System Theory” Kenneth C. Bausch (see also discussion here)

????  Charles Handy

2011 “The positive and the negative” Justin Cruickshank

2014 “Types and tokens” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

2018 “Splitting Chairs” in Philosophy Now, Jan 2018

2018 “The planning machineNew Yorker article, Evgeny Morozov

Systems thinkers discussed in Avancier’s papers

The papers include notes on the thinkers in the table below

Wikipedia has entries on most if not all them.

 

Thinker

 An idea or interest

Ackoff

 human organizations as purposeful systems

Ashby

 cybernetics - the law of requisite variety

Beer

 management cybernetics - the Viable System Model

Bernard

 homeostatic feedback loops

Bertalanffy

 general system theory

Boulding

 system theory in management science

Carnap

 the logic of science and data processing

Checkland

 soft systems methodology

Darwin

 system mutation by reproduction with modification

Durkheim

 collective consciousness and culture

Foerster

 second-order cybernetics

Forrester

 system dynamics – system as quantities related to each other

Habernas

 universal pragmatics

Henderson

 meanings communicated in interactions between actors playing roles

Hoare

 declarative specification of system state change

Lewin

 group dynamics

Luhmann

 autopoietic social systems

Marx and Engels

 dialectic materialism

Meadows

 system dynamics – resource use, environmental conservation and sustainability

Pareto

 social system as homeostatic

Parsons

 action theory

Rapoport

 game theory and social network analysis

Schrödinger

 using energy to maintain order

Simon

 decision making

Smith

 subdivision within and competition between systems

Spencer

 social systems as organic systems

Tarde

 social system as emergent from the actions of  individual actors

Turing

 artificial intelligence

Weber

 a bureaucratic model

Weiner

 cybernetics

Wittgenstein

 the logic of natural language

 

Many other system concepts are defined in other papers at avancier.website, starting with Introducing system ideas.

Ten more sources referred to by others

Some of these are more to do with social or political management concerns than “system” in the classic sense.

1962 Systems engineering (Hall)
1963 Socio-technical systems (Trist et al.)
1965 RAND-systems analysis (Optner)
1981 Strategic assumption surface testing (Mason and Mitroff)
1988 Cognitive mapping for strategic options development and analysis (Eden)
1983 Critical system heuristics (Ulrich)
1990 System of systems methodologies (Jackson)
1990 Liberating systems theory (Flood)
1991 Interpretive systemology (Fuenmayor)
1991 Total systems intervention (Flood and Jackson).

 

 

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